Ѳҡâͧؤ͹ѵʵ

            ѵʵ ¶֧ ء觷ءҧԴʹյ ʹյͧѵʵСԹҹҹ§ ѧҤӵͺ͹ ҧҹһѵʵѡѹ֡ѡɳѡ¡¡͹ѡѹ֡ѡɳѡ ؤ͹ѵʵ ͺҧա¡ ؤҳ ѡҹ֡ͧҧ ؤ ѡҹҧҹҳ ͧ ͧ ͧдѺ çд١ çд١ѵ ҡ紾ת Թ Թ Ҿ¹յѧ

 

 

            ˹ѧͧ͢ࡳ㹡ؤ 繡ҧҧ ҹ ѧ§ͷзѵػʧ㹡¹ѵʵ ѧ鹨֧ͧࡳҧһСͺ Ѳҡ÷ӤѭͧĵԡͧԴŵѧ ¸ͧЪǧ

       ػ ࡳ㹡ؤ·ҧѵʵҡ

           1)  ѡдɰѡâ㹡úѹ֡ͧ

           2) Ѳҡ÷ӤѭͧĵԡͧЪǧ

           3)  ؤࡳ˹ѧͧ͢ ѧ

                -  ؤ͹ѵʵ (Preliterate Period) ͻҳ 1,750,000 - 5,000 ա͹ʵѡҪ

                -  ؤѵʵ (Literate Period) ͻҳ 5,000 ա͹ʵѡҪ 繵

           4) ؤѲҡ÷Ӥѭͧĵԡͧࡳ

 

ؤ͹ѵʵ

            ؤ͹ѵʵ͡ 3 ǧ Ѳҡâͧͧ ͧ ͧдѺҧЪǧ ѧ

            1. ؤԹ (Paleolithic Age)  ҳ 1,750,000 ֧ 10,000 ա͹ʵѡҪ ؤѡҧͧ  ͧ  ͧдѺҡԹ д١ѵ ͡ ͹ؤѡ

            2. ؤԹ (Neolithic Age) ҳ 10,000 ա͹ʵѡҪ ֧ҳ 5,000 ա͹ʵѡҪ ؤ ѡͧ ͧջԷҾ ͧдѺ ѡҧ ¹ĵԡҡ繼ǧҨҡҵ繼Ե ѡл١ §ѵ е駶蹰ҹѡҧä¸

            3. ؤ (Metal Age)  ҳ 5,000 ա͹ʵѡҪ 繵 ѡҷͧ ͧ ظ ͧдѺ  Ѳ繺ҹͧ ؤѵʵ

 

Ҿѧ¡͹ѵʵ

            ¡͹ѵʵ ѧѡѡͺѹ֡ͧǢͧ   Ҥҧ ͧšǹҹҡѺҹ (Թ 2 ҹǨ֧ 3,500 ա͹ʵѡҪ) ֧öҧԭѲҢ Թ ¹ŧԶժԵ 鹾Ըաԡ ѡҪиҵԺⵢ繪Ҵ˭дѺҹͧ  ¸Ӥѭͧ¡͹ѵʵ ä鹾Ըչҷͧͧ 觷ҹҹջԷҾҡԹ 鹨ҡ鹾ͧᴧҡҵԴ¤ѧԭ ¡ǧҷͧᴧ ؤ Chalcolithic Age ؤѧͧԹѴǺѹ仴 ѧҡҹö¹ԸնاйҵͧԴѹ ͧᴧѺպء ¡ Դ դ秡ҷͧᴧ¡ǧҷԴ Bronze Age ؤԴ 鹾ҵط С 仡Ѻͧᴧдպء з·üդسҾբ  㹪ǧҹԴ鹡ûдɰͧͧҡԴ ҡäͧᴧ պء С öا ÷觾ѡҹӨҡԹẺͧһСѹ 㹡͢ҹ ١ СԹҫ㹡ͧдѺ ¡ʵԻѭҾѲ෤ͧͧҧԧѧ  ѡҹԭͧԴѧ㹻Ѩغѹ ١ ͡ ТҹԴظͧ¡͹ѵʵ ֧»ѵʵ 紵Դ СԴ еҡѲҤ㹡üԵͧͧջԷҾ §觢 ҷ辺չ ͧз֡Դ辺Ҥµѹ͡§ (觤ԭ㹡ԴҴ˭Դؤҵ)

 

            ͧԴ¹ŧҡؤԹҧҡ 鹵ؤԹԴɵá µǡ繪ͧ աèѴ觡ö ѡçҹѵ㹡䶹Ъѡҡ ѡдɰ˹ѺԹҧ ûдɰѵ ҡ٧ ÷عͧ鹴Թ õԴҧҡй͡ҡš¹Թ ѧ繡ҴŹ㹪ͧ 觨Ѻҧäͧ ͧ ظ Ӥѭ觤͡ѡǺ觹ӴкŻзҹ ÷ӽ¡鹹 âش٤ͧ ͺѧѺҧԹͧ ҡҹӤѭԴ¸Ӣ

 

           Դ 㹺ҧ鹷öдɰӤѭش ѡ ·ʹҾٴöҧäѭѡɳ͹ҹ յѡúѹ֡ҧ  ԭ֧ѲǴ觢 »ѵʵ֧㹪 ¸Ӥѭ ͧšǹվѲҡ÷ҧѧҨҡǧԴ ¸Ҥµѹ ¸Ի (ҧ˹ͧ͢ջͿԡ) ¸ԹԹ ¸ҧ (ǧ : Huang He) 㹨չ ¸ͧšѧǹԭ 3,500 ա͹ʵѡҪ